Bucky Fuller and the Cruciform Temple/Church
Credit: Tetrascroll, http://lampsacus.com/documents/BuckminsterFullerTetrascroll.pdf
"In all the villages, or in other parts of the Filipinas Islands, there are no temples consecrated to the performing of sacrifices, the adoration of their idols, or the general practice of idolatry. It is true that they have the name simbahan, which means a temple or place of adoration; but this is because, formerly, when they wished to celebrate a festival, which they called pandot, or “worship,” they celebrated it in the large house of a chief.
There they constructed, for the purpose of sheltering the assembled people, a temporary shed on each side of the house, with a roof, called sibi, to protect the people from the wet when it rained. Theyso constructed the house that it might contain many people — dividing it, after the fashion of ships, into three compartments.
On the posts of the house they set small lamps, called sorihile; in the center of the house they placed one large lamp, adorned with leaves of the white palm, wrought into many designs. They also brought together manydrums, large and small, which they beat successively while the feast lasted, which was usually four days. During this time the whole barangay, or family, united and joined in the worship which they call nagaanitos. The house, for the above-mentioned period of time,was called a temple."
-- Fray Juan de Plasencia, 1589
"They would build a shelter with branches in their homes which they called sibi . It was divided in three naves and a longer fourth one, and it was adorned with leaves and flowers all around, and many small lighted lanterns. There was also a large lamp in the middle with many ornaments, and this was their simbahan or oratory"
-- Fray Juan Francisco de San Antonio, 1743-1744
"St Sernin’s [1080 – 1120 AD] is a typical Romanesque church in that it was built in the basilica format, but because it is so large it has a few adaptions to this format. The main features of St Sernins are;1) Heavy appearance with small rounded windows
2) Made of local brick not stone
3) An extra aisle on either side of the nave
4) The extra aisle continues around the transept and the apse creating an ambulatory where pilgrims could walk and pray
5) Nine small chapels at the back of the chuch behind the transept and the apse.
6) The nave is barrel vaulted the aisles are groin vaulted
7) Lantern Tower at the crossing of the transepts and the nave which lets in much light
8) A Clerestory/ Clearstory – a row of windows up at the top of the walls to let in light"
-- Romanesque Architecture, http://arthistoryleavingcert.com/romanesque/